The different types of cameras used by photographers today

The global digital camera market was worth US$7.2 billion in 2021. Do you want to invest in a camera? With so many types of cameras, it can be difficult to choose the best one for you.

Whether you aspire to professional photography or want to take snapshots, we can help. Our guide has everything you need to know.

Continue reading. Let’s take a look at the types of cameras available today.

Types of cameras that use film

Start at the beginning. Ever since George Eastman brought us the Kodak No. 1 camera in 1888, film cameras have been the first choice for many. Their vintage style still amazes viewers today.

35mm is the standard format. Then you have medium format film at 60mm wide with various lengths. The large format film is at least 60x90mm.

Larger film formats give higher resolution images with less noise. With film cameras, you can’t see your image until you develop it.

Single Lens Digital Reflex (DSLR)

DSLRs are the tools of professional photography. They use mirrors to reflect light from the lens back to the sensor and viewfinder. The viewfinder makes composition easier, but use a background remover app if you need it.

Sensor sizes range from brand-specific APS-C to full-frame, equal to 35mm film. Larger sensors improve low-light performance with less noise.

You can swap out the lens on a DSLR. 15-24mm wide-angle lenses are ideal for landscape photography. 35mm and 50mm lenses are ideal for street and portrait photography.

You can use telephoto lenses, from 60mm to 300mm or more, for sports and wildlife. High-end DSLRs come with weather protection for outdoor use.

Mirrorless cameras

Mirrorless or Compact System (CSC) cameras pack the functionality of a DSLR into a compact body. They lack mirrors and the light hits the sensor directly from the lens. This saves space and weight.

Most mirrorless cameras have electronic viewfinders to help you compose your shot. Their sensors range from micro four thirds to Full-frame APS-C.

Electronic viewfinders and live views mean battery life is shorter than most DSLRs. That said, if you need quality andportability, mirrorless cameras are hard to beat.

Compacts and Point-and-Shoots

Point-and-shoot cameras give you better quality than a smartphone, but they still fit in your pocket. Most have user-friendly automatic settings.

The lack of full manual control can hold you back. But compacts are a perfect start, and their portability means you can take them anywhere. The rugged compacts are water and shock resistant for heavy use.

Bridge cameras

These claim the middle ground between DSLRs and compact cameras. They are portable, user friendly and perfect for beginners.

Most bridge cameras use micro-four-thirds sensors. They have optical zoom, but you can’t swap the lenses. They don’t have all the features and manual control of DSLRs.

Action and 360 degree cameras

Action cameras are tiny, with fixed focus, waterproof housings, and high-resolution video. You can mount an action camera on anything, from a surfboard to a bicycle handlebar to a helmet.

360-degree cameras capture half-dome or full-circle perspectives. They are perfect for travel photos and landscapes. You will often be in the shot and the resolution may be lower than other types of cameras

Take your photography to the next level

We hope our guide to camera types helped you choose the right one for you. Different types of photography are suitable for certain types of cameras.

For professional photography, a DSLR will serve you well. Film cameras offer creative and stylistic effects. Mirrorless, bridge and compact cameras allow you to take quality images anywhere.

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